Topkapi palace museum peacock throne

The story of the film takes place in Istanbul, and is concerned with a gang of art thieves who come up with incredible plans to steal the priceless Emerald Dagger on display in the Treasury of Topkapi Museum. In the end however, thanks to the measures taken in Topkapi Palace against robberies and the extraordinary efforts of the Turkish police, the gang was apprehended and the Emerald Dagger was restored to its rightful place.

Foreigners coming to Istanbul were eager to see the Emeald Dagger in Topkapi.

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Leading tourism and travel agencies throughout the world had posters printed with pictures of the dagger on them, and the Emerald Dagger was made known to the world as the most famous work among the priceless articles in Topkapi Museum.

When was the Emerald Dagger made?

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How did it enter Topkapi Palace? Is its value really so great? First he marched against the Timurogullari in India, and entering their capital city of Delhi carried off their legendary treasury to Iran. The campaign extended as far as Turkestan and the Caucasus Mountains. Among these gifts was included the Peacock Throne taken from the Delhi treasures. Among the gifts which Sultan Mahmud sent was a particularly outstanding dagger whose handle and sheath were decorated with precious stones.

The Treasury Master had had this dagger made by the foremost jewelers of Istanbul, having provided all the stones necessary from the Treasury. The ambassadors of the two sides met near Baghdad and with a special ceremony displayed their treasures to one another.

A few days later the Iranian embassy set out for Baghdad and the Turkish embassy for Hamedan. About the time the Turkish embassy crossed the Iranian border, news reached them that Nadir Shah had been assassinated in his headquarters at Fethabad. With nothing left to do, the leader of the embassy, Ahmed Pasha decided to return immediately so as to prevent the gifts from being plundered.

Topkapi Dagger

Indeed after a host of troubles they managed to return no Ottoman lands, but no damage had occurred to the gifts. Arriving in Istanbul they surrendered the gifts in their original condition to be Treasury. The Iranian embassy on the other hand had reached Baghdad and requested asylum from the Ottoman government, which was granted to them. All the gifts which they had brought with them, including of course the Peacock Throne were handed over to the Ottoman Treasury.

The dagger is 35 centimeters long. The emeralds are surrounded with diamonds. At the point of the handle is an octagonal cover of emerald, which reveals a small watch when lifted.The canopied Gate of Felicity leads to the third courtyard, or the innermost courtyard, which housed the private residence of the sultan and the inner palace school.

Only the sultan, members of his family, his servants, and the occasional approved visitor could enter. Visitors to the sultan could only go so far as the Audience Chamber and were expected to follow strict customs. The dormitories of the royal pages, who were part of a hierarchy of servants to the sultan, are also located in the third courtyard.

After receiving new names and being converted to Islamthe brightest boys were assigned specific roles and received a rigorous education while earning wages. They followed a meritocracy and could attain such high positions as a grand vizier, but many men were freed at 25 and married a girl of the harem or a daughter of the sultan. The portraits of the sultans, for example, are located in the Dormitory of the Privy Chamber, and the imperial wardrobe is in the Dormitory of the Campaigners.

The book collection was consolidated with other palace books in the 20th century and moved to the Mosque of the Aghas, which is the largest mosque in the palace and located adjacently. The third courtyard extends to the fourth courtyard, which consists primarily of terraced gardens and pavilions.

One of the most distinct structures of the fourth courtyard is the quaint gilt-bronze Iftar Pergola, where sultans would break their fast if Ramadan fell in the summer. Like the rest of the palace, the harem was continually renovated and grew according to need. The result is a rather mazelike layout and many architecture styles. To enter or exit the harem, inhabitants had to pass through the paved courtyard of the black eunuchs to the Main Gate, also called the Royal Gate.

Black eunuchs guarded the harem and were probably purchased in slave markets in conquered lands and castrated before puberty. Like the royal pages, eunuchs received wages and followed a meritocracy, but unlike the pages, only a few eunuchs were ever freed. The queen mother was the centre of power in the harem.

Called the valide sultanshe was the chief consort whose son had ascended to the throne. She also had significant influence over the sultan, who would stop in her centrally located apartments every morning to inform her of the state affairs. One side of the hammam was reserved for the sultan and the other for the women of the harem. Another privy room, called the Fruit Room, was added by Ahmed III and is uncharacteristically decorated with delicately lacquered fruits and flowers.

The harem also had living quarters for female servants, concubines, and chief consorts of the sultan, and the rooms were accessible via the Gallery of the Concubines off of the Main Gate. They undertook servile tasks while receiving wages and training to either become a wife to one of the pages or a concubine for the sultan. If chosen to become a concubine, a young woman could rise up the ranks and receive better accommodations, substantially so if she bore the sultan a child.

If the child was a male who ascended the throne, the concubine would then assume the most powerful position of the harem as the queen mother.Must visit place, takes few hours to see all the exhibits. Possesions of prophets are carefully preserved, including the hair of Prophet mohammed is here. Lots of rare and nice Indian Jewelry is exhibited in thisplace.

Lots to see, jewelry is very well displayed and although very busy with tourists walking around is easy to do. I had visited over 30 years ago and this time after reading more deeply the history I was even more fascinated. The kitchens alone plunge one into times gone by. Do not miss the Harem, nor the beautiful view from the terrace cafe with great local drinks as Salep and also rice pudding. I went back here TWICE during my trip - the first time was with a tour group, the weather was terrible and the group was overall pretty grumpy, so we did not stay long.

I went back on my last day in Istanbul and spent a few hours strolling the palace and the grounds, gazing at the displays of kitchen stuff, china, jewels, armor, and even relics such as Moses' staff that's what the sign said, it must be true. The opulence and the setting were amazing, and really put the idea of a Sultan and his Harem in a whole new light. The explanations were nicely set out, though I was grateful for my tour book Rick Steeves to fill in the edges.

I did lose a camera from my bag when I sent it through security!!! We enjoyed visiting the museum much, but I must say that we also had a top notch guide with us who gave us background info on everything we saw.

The. Peacock Throne

We enjoyed going round the palace but we were advised to get there when it opens at 9am which we did and glad we had as when we came out the queue was very long. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers. Topkapi Palace. MuseumsHistory Museums. Book In Advance. See More Tours. Review of Topkapi Palace. Date of experience: December See all 26, reviews. Ways to Experience Topkapi Palace. Quick View. More Info.

topkapi palace museum peacock throne

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Reviews 26,Manan Kapoor is writer and copy editor at Sahapedia. Much like the fictional world created by George R. Martin in the TV series Game of Thronesthe Indian subcontinent has been witness to the rise and fall of several kingdoms and the extravagant show of wealth by its emperors.

Topkapi Palace- The fantastic palace of the Ottomans

These rulers, from the Mughals to the Nizams, not only built grand palaces and forts, but also occupied seats of power amid sinister conspiracies, murders and wars. These coveted thrones were made of gold, encrusted with countless precious stones, and have fascinating histories.

Unfortunately, many of them were dismantled after wars were lost or the British took over, but that just adds to their lore. According to historical accounts, the throne is believed to have been wrought out of kg of gold and kg of precious stones, with two open peacock tails made of gold at the back, and was modelled on the Throne of Solomon.

A poem by the Mughal poet-laureate Qudsi, in praise of the emperor, was embedded in it in emerald letters. Shah Jahan ascended to the throne inonly to be usurped by his son in InNadir Shah completed his conquest of Mughal empire by capturing Delhi and took the peacock throne, along with other treasures, to Persia. It is said that it was then dismantled and parts of it incorporated into the Persian Naderi Peacock Throne, now kept in the national treasury of the Central Bank of Iran.

Another part is said to be in the Topkapi Palace in Turkey. Interestingly, the paintings depicting the famous Peacock Throne are all said to be of its replica, which was made after Nadir Shah took it away. Currently placed in the Durbar Hall of the Mysore Palace, the Golden Throne was one of the most prized possessions of the Wadiyar dynasty — Made of fig wood, the throne—which is also called Chinnada Simhasana or Ratna Simhasana in Kannada—has ornamental ivory plaques and a golden umbrella. There are various legends associated with the throne.

According to one legend, the throne belonged to the Pandavas. It lay buried underground for centuries till it was retrieved by Harihara I, one of the founders of the Vijayanagara empire, in the 14th century. After the fall of the Vijayanagara empire, the throne was passed on from one king to another, till it came to Raja Wadiyar in Since then, it has been in the Wadiyar family, except for a small interlude in the 18th century.

Currently, the throne is used for official ceremonies and is open to public viewing during the famous annual Dasara celebrations. It was once the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty —It is housed in a palace complex that served as the administrative centre and residence of the imperial Ottoman court from about to It opened as a museum ina year after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey.

He ordered the construction of the palace in the late s, several years after conquering Constantinople Istanbulthe capital of the Byzantine Empirein Each courtyard served different purposes and was separated by a gate that incrementally restricted entry, culminating in the most-private third and fourth courtyards. The first courtyard sometimes called the Outer Courtyard is the largest and only public courtyard.

During the reign of the Ottoman Empire, any unarmed person could enter through the Imperial Gate. In the same courtyard, the iconic Gate of Salutation, or the Middle Gate, recalls medieval European fortresses with its pointed towers and crenelated walls. The Tiled Pavilion, on the other hand, shows the influence of the Persian Timurid style with its polychrome-tiled iwan, a large vaulted hall enclosed on three sides.

The pavilion likely once had a sand floor for jereed tournaments, a traditional Turkish equestrian sport, but it now houses the imperial collection of Turkish ceramics. The Gate of Salutation leads to the second courtyard, also called Divan Square, which was the administrative centre of the palace. Only official visitors and members of the court could enter the space. Council members met several times a week to discuss state affairs in the Domed Chamber sometimes called Council Hall.

Council members could not see the sultan, but they would have been aware of his possible attendance. The second courtyard was also home to the palace kitchens and confectionaries, which now display the imperial porcelain collection, as well as the External Treasury, which exhibits the imperial weapons. Items in the porcelain collection show the extensive reach of the empire, with pieces acquired from China and Japan. Article Media.

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Subscribe today. Load Next Page. More About. Muze - Topkapi Palace Museum.The Topkapi Palace was the headquarters of the Ottoman Empire from the s to the s.

It is called a palace, however, it is simply a complex containing many buildings. You can check the history of Istanbul in this post. After the conquest of Constantinople by Fatih Sultan Mehmed Mehmed the Conquerorthey changed the name right after and selected Istanbul as the new capital of the empire.

topkapi palace museum peacock throne

He thought that the empire needed a palace in this fantastic city. So, this is the beginning of this fantastic complex.

There are many hotels and restaurants having the same name in Turkey and in the world. Mainly, we will be talking about all the facts about this fantastic palace which is in Istanbul -Turkey. This location was selected because of strategical reasons. Since this spot is very dominant over Istanbul because of being in the middle of the Golden Horn and the Marmara Sea, the location is simply fantastic for a palace to manage. The location is at the heart of Istanbul. Additionally, we prefer to call Topkapi a complex rather than saying just a palace.

This complex has many different buildings for different purposes and it is not one building at all. The construction was ordered by Fatih Sultan Mehmed who conquered Constantinople. But, there are many buildings have been added by different Sultans.

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Tillit was the headquarters of Ottomans. However, Sultan Abdulmecid wanted to have a modern palace and moved the headquarters to the Dolmabahce Palace.

Inthe father of Turks- Mustafa Kemal Ataturk decided to convert this palace to be used as a palace-museum. At least five different famous architects can be more have signatures on this complex. To better understand the structure, here is the aerial view. Basically, the palace or complex has two main sections and four different courtyards. It is the public and semi-public sections of the palace. The Birun consists of first and second courtyards. It is the private section of the palace including the residence of the Sultan and his family.

The Enderun consists of third and fourth courtyards.

topkapi palace museum peacock throne

You might see different classifications on the net, but there is no significant difference and it will definitely not change your tour.

The other classification is the Birun service and protection areaadministration Divan-i Humayunthe Enderun education and the Harem private section. We will be talking about them in detail in the following sections. In the centuries, Ottomans improved the palace, so that you can see different styles in this complex consisting of Iranian, Ottoman, and European.

The renovation activities also took place because of natural disasters such as fires and earthquakes. In the beginning, the Harem section was in the old palace. The Harem section was transferred to the new palace completely after a century later by Sultan 3rd Murad. But, this transfer process started partially before this Sultan.

In some resources, it means only the wall connected to Sea Walls. Furthermore, it is sometimes referred to as whole walls around the palace. Moreover, the complex is definitely different than other palaces in the world. It is not just a building, it is a series of pavilions kiosks, barracks, schools, libraries and more on.It was during Tavernier's sixth voyage to India, which he undertook between andhe had the privilege of visiting the court of the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, at Jahanabad, at the invitation of the Emperor himself.

The main purpose of Tavernier's invitation to the Emperor's court, was for the Emperor to inspect whatever jewels Tavernier had brought from the west, with a view of purchasing them.

During this visit Tavernier not only sold several jewels to the Emperor and his uncle Jaafar Khan, but established a close rapport with the Emperor, that prolonged his stay at Jahanabad. During this period he was a silent observer of court life in Aurangzeb's palace, and also had the opportunity of examining some of the extravagant thrones in the palace, that included the renowned "Peacock Throne" the most extravagant throne ever produced in the history of mankind.

Tavernier- The Six Voyages of J. Tavernierpublished in in two volumes.

Sleeping With the Sultan – Behind the Walls of Istanbul’s Topkapi Palace Harem

The description of the throne appears in Chapter VIII of Volume II of his book, which concerns about preparations for the Emperor's annual birthday festival, during which he is solemnly weighed every year, and also about the splendor of his thrones and the magnificence of his court. Tavernier, a traveller wearing a Moghul dress. The principal throne, which is placed in the hall of the first court, resembles in form and size an out camp bed ; that is to say, it is about 6 feet long and 4 wide.

Upon the four feet, which are very massive, and from 20 to 25 inches high, are fixed the four bars which support the base of the throne, and upon these bars are ranged twelve columns, which sustain the canopy on three sides, that which faces the court being open.

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Both the feet and the bars, which are more than 18 inches long, are covered with gold inlaid and enriched with numerous diamonds, rubies, and emeralds. In the middle of each bar there is a large balass ruby, cut en cabuchon, with four emeralds round it, forming a square cross. Next in succession, from one side to the other along the length of the bars there are similar crosses, arranged so that in one the ruby is in the middle of four emeralds, and in another the emerald is in the middle and four balass rubies surround it.

The emeralds are table-cut, and the intervals between the rubies and emeralds are covered with diamonds, the largest of which do not exceed 10 to 12 carats in weight, all showy stones, but very flat. There are also in some parts pearls set in gold, and upon one of the longer sides of the throne there are four steps to ascend it. Moreover, a sword, a mace, a round shield, a bow and quiver with arrows, are suspended from this throne, and all these weapons, as also the cushions and steps, both of this throne and of the other six, are covered over with stones which match those with which each of the thrones respectively is enriched.

I counted the large balass rubies on the great throne, and there are aboutall cabuchons, the least of which weighs carats, but there are some which weigh apparently and more. As for the emeralds, there are plenty of good colour, but they have many flaws; the largest may weigh 60 carats, and the least 30 carats.

I counted about ; thus there are more emeralds than rubies. The underside of the canopy is covered with diamonds and pearls, with a fringe of pearls all round, and above the canopy, which is a quadrangular-shaped dome, there is a peacock with elevated tail made of blue sapphires and other colored stones, the body of gold inlaid with precious stones, having a large ruby in front of the breast, whence hangs a pear-shaped pearl of 60 carats or thereabouts, and of a somewhat yellow water.

On both sides of the peacock there is a large bouquet of the same height as the bird, consisting of many kinds of flowers made of gold inlaid with precious stones. On the side of the throne opposite the court there is a jewel consisting of a diamond of from 80 to 90 carats weight, with rubies and emeralds round it, and when the Emperor is seated he has this jewel in full view.

But in my opinion the most costly point about this magnificent throne is that the twelve columns supporting the canopy are surrounded with beautiful rows of pearls, which are round and of fine water, and weigh from 6 to 10 carats each. At 4 feet distance from the throne two umbrellas are fixed, on either side, the sticks of which are 7 or 8 feet in height and covered with diamonds, rubies, and pearls. These umbrellas are of red velvet, and embroidered and fringed all round with pearls.

Photo above, Creative Commons.

topkapi palace museum peacock throne

There was also to be given to him kg of pure gold The throne was to be three yards in length, two-and-a-half in breadth and five in height and was to be set with the above mentioned jewels. The outside of the canopy was to be of enamel work with occasional gems, the inside was to be thickly set with rubies, garnets and other jewels, and it was to be supported by 12 emerald columns.

On the top of each pillar there were to be two peacocks, thick-set with gems and between each two peacocks a tree set with rubies and diamonds, emeralds and pearls.

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The ascent was to consist of three steps set with jewels of fine water". Of the 11 jeweled recesses formed around it for cushions, the middle one was intended for the seat for Emperor. Among the historical diamonds decorating it were the famous Kohinoor caratsthe Akbar Shah 95 caratsthe Shah A couplet poem by the Mughal poet-laureate Qudsi, praising the Emperor in emerald letters was embedded in the throne.

The court chronicler's description of the Peacock Throne incorporated in the Sunday Tribune article and Tavernier's first-hand account published in his book of travels inare generally in broad agreement on the salient features of the thrones, such as its rectangular shape, standing on four legs at its corners, the 12 columns on which the canopy rests, and the type of gemstones embedded on the throne, such as balas rubies, emeralds, pearls, diamonds and other colored stones.


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